Adverbs

Adverbs

#
SuperCategory
SubCategory
Level
guideword
Can-do statement
Example
1
ADVERBS
adverbs and adverb phrases: types and meanings
A1
FORM: ‘VERY’ + TIME ADVERBS
Can use ‘very’ to modify time adverbs. ► adverb phrases
I hope you get well very soon. (A1 BREAKTHROUGH; 2009; Bengali; Pass)

I don’t like it at college when I have a lesson very early. (A1 BREAKTHROUGH; 2007; Polish; Pass)
2
ADVERBS
position
A1
FORM: TIME, END POSITION
Can use time adverbs in the usual end position.
Get well soon. (A1 BREAKTHROUGH; 2009; Nepali; Pass)

I hope to see you soon. (Pakistan; A1 BREAKTHROUGH; 2010; Urdu; Pass)

… because I not working also I will wake up late . (Pakistan; A1 BREAKTHROUGH; 2010; Urdu; Pass)
3
ADVERBS
adverbs as modifiers
A1
USE: ‘VERY’ WITH ADJECTIVES
Can use ‘very’ to make adjectives stronger.
He’s a very good man. (A1 BREAKTHROUGH; 2006; Mandarin; Pass)

I’m very happy in my home. (A1 BREAKTHROUGH; 2009; Spanish – Latin American; Pass)
4
ADVERBS
adverbs as modifiers
A1
USE: TIME
Can use ‘soon’ in the phrases ‘See you soon’ and ‘Get well soon’, as a signing-off device.
Take care. See you soon. (A1 BREAKTHROUGH; 2009; Turkish; Pass)

Get well soon. (A1 BREAKTHROUGH; 2009; Polish; Pass)
5
ADVERBS
position
A1
FORM: FREQUENCY, MID POSITION
Can use frequency adverbs in the usual mid position, between the subject and the main verb.
In my free time I always listen to music, watch TV, clean my room … (Spain; A1 BREAKTHROUGH; 2010; Spanish – European; Pass)

She sometimes goes to the cinema and to the disco. (A1 BREAKTHROUGH; 2006; Polish; Pass)
6
ADVERBS
adverbs and adverb phrases: types and meanings
A1
FORM: ‘VERY’ + ADJECTIVES
Can use ‘very’ to modify common gradable adjectives.
My home is very nice. (A1 BREAKTHROUGH; 2009; Italian; Pass)

My teacher is very good. (A1 BREAKTHROUGH; 2007; Gujarati; Pass)
7
ADVERBS
adverb phrases – form
A1
FORM: ‘VERY’ + ADVERB
Can modify adverbs of time and degree with ‘very’.
I hope you will be fine very soon. (A1 BREAKTHROUGH; 2009; Urdu; Pass)

I like my job very much. (A1 BREAKTHROUGH; 2007; Mandarin; Pass)
8
ADVERBS
adverbs as modifiers
A1
USE: FREQUENCY
Can use a limited range of adverbs (‘always’, ‘sometimes’) to talk about frequency.
I like Dorchester’s people, they are always very friendly and polite. (A1 BREAKTHROUGH; 2007; Russian; Pass)

I always see Safora because she lives near my home. (A1 BREAKTHROUGH; 2006; Farsi; Pass)

Sometimes I go to the beach. (A1 BREAKTHROUGH; 2011; Arabic – Other; Pass)
9
ADVERBS
position
A1
FORM: ‘REALLY,’ MID POSITION
Can use ‘really’ in the usual mid-position, between the subject and the main verb.
I really love walking. (A1 BREAKTHROUGH; 2011; Polish; Pass)

I really like my kitchen, because it is big. (A1 BREAKTHROUGH; 2009; Somali; Pass)
10
ADVERBS
position
A1
FORM: DEGREE, BEFORE ADJECTIVES
Can use a limited range of degree adverbs before an adjective.
My home is very light and very comfortable. (A1 BREAKTHROUGH; 2009; Polish; Pass)

I have a really good friend, her name is Dylma. (A1 BREAKTHROUGH; 2006; Polish; Pass)
11
ADVERBS
adverbs and adverb phrases: types and meanings
A1
FORM: DEGREE and TIME, MODIFYING VERBS
Can use degree and time adverbs to modify verbs.
I really like Japanese music. (A1 BREAKTHROUGH; 2008; Chinese; Pass)

I like my college very much. (A1 BREAKTHROUGH; 2007; Polish; Fail)

I always go to the park with my children. We sometimes go to the shopping centre. (A1 BREAKTHROUGH; 2010; Arabic – Other; Pass)
12
ADVERBS
adverbs as modifiers
A1
USE: DEGREE WITH VERBS
Can use ‘really’ and ‘very much’ with verbs expressing preference (‘like’, ‘love’), for emphasis.
I really like theatre and a classical music. (Poland; A1 BREAKTHROUGH; 2010; Polish; Pass)

I really love my space! (A1 BREAKTHROUGH; 2009; Portuguese; Pass)

I like my garden very much. (A1 BREAKTHROUGH; 2009; Bengali; Pass)
13
ADVERBS
position
A1
FORM: PLACE, END POSITION
Can use place adverbs in the usual end position.
I have many friends there. (A1 BREAKTHROUGH; 2007; Polish; Fail)

I like this place because my parents live there. (A1 BREAKTHROUGH; 2007; Czech; Fail)
14
ADVERBS
adverbs as modifiers
A1
USE: PLACE
Can use a limited range of adverbs (‘here’, ‘there’) to indicate place.
My girlfriend is here with me. (A1 BREAKTHROUGH; 2007; Slovak; Pass)

I was born there and I lived there over twenty years. (A1 BREAKTHROUGH; 2007; Spanish – Other; Pass)

I go there every year with my friends. (A1 BREAKTHROUGH; 2011; Bulgarian; Pass)
15
ADVERBS
position
A1
FORM: FRONT POSITION
Can use a limited range of adverbs in front position.
Sometimes I go to the beach. (A1 BREAKTHROUGH; 2011; Arabic – Other; Pass)

I like writing and speaking but sometimes I like listening. (A1 BREAKTHROUGH; 2007; Somali; Pass)

You can bring some music . Maybe we can dance. (A1 BREAKTHROUGH; 2008; Polish; Pass)
16
ADVERBS
adverbs and adverb phrases: types and meanings
A1
FORM: PLACE, COMPLEMENT
Can use place adverbs (‘here’, ‘there’) as complements of verbs.
I am happy here because people are very nice. (A1 BREAKTHROUGH; 2007; Hindi; Pass)

I hope you will be there. (A1 BREAKTHROUGH; 2011; Portuguese; Pass)

You must go there. (A1 BREAKTHROUGH; 2008; Polish; Pass)
17
ADVERBS
adverb phrases – form
A2
FORM: ADVERB + ADVERB
Can modify a limited range of adverbs of time, degree, and manner with other adverbs.
I love it so much. (Malaysia; A2 WAYSTAGE; 2008; Chinese; Pass)

I don’t eat it very often, usually on Saturday. (Venezuela; A2 WAYSTAGE; 2009; Spanish – Latin American; Pass)

I really need it right now because I’m waiting for a call from a department store. (Malaysia; A2 WAYSTAGE; 2005; Tamil; Pass)

[talking about running shoes] I usually run twice a week and I like them because they weigh only 120 grams, and I can run very fast. (Italy; A2 WAYSTAGE; 2004; Italian; Pass)

I hope to fix the problem very quickly. (A2 WAYSTAGE; 2010; Arabic – Other; Pass)
18
ADVERBS
adverbs as modifiers
A2
USE: SEQUENCING
Can use a limited range of adverbs and adverb phrases (‘first’, ‘then’, ‘after that’) to order segments of discourse.

First we had a dinner in a very expensive restaurant, then we went to a disco. (Italy; A2 WAYSTAGE; 2004; Italian; Pass)

We can meet at 6 pm at my house, and then we can get to the sports centre by bus. (China; A2 WAYSTAGE; 2008; Chinese; Pass)

[talking about a children’s party games] First, we played housie and blind man’s bluff. After that a magician showed us a lot of magic tricks. (India; A2 WAYSTAGE; 2004; Gujarati; Pass)
19
ADVERBS
position
A2
FORM: DEGREE, BEFORE ADJECTIVES
Can use an increasing range of degree adverbs before an adjective.
I’m so glad you are coming. (Mexico; A2 WAYSTAGE; 2009; Spanish – Latin American; Pass)

They are quite expensive. (Malaysia; A2 WAYSTAGE; 2008; Chinese; Pass)

The only bad thing is, it was too cold! (Taiwan; A2 WAYSTAGE; 2009; Chinese; Pass)
20
ADVERBS
position
A2
FORM: END POSITION, MANNER
Can use manner adverbs in the usual end position.
Please answer me quickly because there are only eleven tickets. (Spain; A2 WAYSTAGE; 2010; Spanish – European; Pass)

My house is opposite the train station so you can find it easily. (Greece; A2 WAYSTAGE; 2009; Greek; Pass)
21
ADVERBS
adverbs as modifiers
A2
USE: MANNER
Can use a limited range of manner adverbs and adverb phrases to modify how something happens.
… both the players played well. (India; A2 WAYSTAGE; 2007; Tamil; Pass)

You must go straight, then turn left. (Italy; A2 WAYSTAGE; 2009; Italian; Pass)

Some of them can swim very fast. (Malaysia; A2 WAYSTAGE; 2007; Chinese; Pass)

[talking about a bike] It’s very colourfull, and it goes very quickly. (France; A2 WAYSTAGE; 2004; French; Pass)
22
ADVERBS
adverbs and adverb phrases: types and meanings
A2
FORM: DEGREE, MODIFYING ADJECTIVES
Can use a range of degree adverbs to modify common gradable adjectives.
I’m so happy because you can come! (France; A2 WAYSTAGE; 2009; French; Pass)

[referring to a lost book] It’s really important for me, because I need to do some homework. (Czech Republic; A2 WAYSTAGE; 2005; Czech; Pass)

But it is too expensive. (Turkey; A2 WAYSTAGE; 2007; Turkish; Pass)
23
ADVERBS
adverbs as modifiers
A2
USE: FREQUENCY
Can use an increasing range of adverbs (‘usually’, ‘often’, ‘never’, ‘weekly’) to talk about frequency.
People usually try to eat their breakfast between 7 and 9 am. (A2 Polish)

I have to pay weekly or monthly? (A2 WAYSTAGE; 2009; Portuguese; Pass)

I often go to the Shanghai Museum. (China; A2 WAYSTAGE; 2002; Chinese; Pass)

You never remember anything! (Spain; A2 WAYSTAGE; 2006; Catalan; Pass)
24
ADVERBS
position
A2
FORM: MID POSITION
Can use adverbs in mid position between the subject and the main verb and after modal verbs, auxiliary verbs and ‘be’.
I bought it because it is very pretty, but it wasn’t expensive, I only spent thirty pounds! (Spain; A2 WAYSTAGE; 2008; Spanish – European; Pass)

We also eat rice every day. (A2 WAYSTAGE; 2006; Korean; Pass)

Yes, I have finally bought a mobile phone. (Spain; A2 WAYSTAGE; 2007; Spanish – European; Pass)

We can also go to the meeting on Saturday evening. (Spain; A2 WAYSTAGE; 2005; Spanish – European; Pass)
Nick, I would really like to help with the concert. (Brazil; A2 WAYSTAGE; 2005; Portuguese; Pass)
25
ADVERBS
adverbs and adverb phrases: types and meanings
A2
FORM: TIME and SEQUENCING, MODIFYING CLAUSES
Can use time and sequencing adverbs to modify clauses and sentences.
Yesterday I went shopping and bought some clothes. (Russia; A2 WAYSTAGE; 2008; Russian; Pass)

First we had dinner in my house and after we went to the pub. (Brazil; A2 WAYSTAGE; 2004; Portuguese; Pass)

I just heard about your accident. (A2 WAYSTAGE; 2008; Panjabi; Pass)

I often eat it at weekends. (Philippines; A2 WAYSTAGE; 2009; Tagalog; Pass)
26
ADVERBS
position
A2
FORM: SENTENCE ADVERB, FRONT POSITION
Can use evaluative, viewpoint and sequencing adverbs outside the clause, in front position, as a cohesive device to link to a previous statement in a preceding clause.
It’s very nice that you’re going to help me to paint my bedroom. Actually I want you to decide what colour that my room should be. (Thai, A2 WAYSTAGE, Pass, 2006)

Unfortunately, my team lost. (Others, A2 WAYSTAGE, Pass, 2004)

First, I bought one pair of shoes that cost €50 and then I bought a dress that cost me €75. (Spain; A2 WAYSTAGE; 2008; Spanish – European; Pass)
27
ADVERBS
adverbs as modifiers
A2
USE: FOCUS
Can use a limited range of adverbs (‘only’, ‘just’) to focus on or point to something.
[talking about a class] It’s only two hours. (Spain; A2 WAYSTAGE; 2006; Spanish – European; Pass)

It was only €70. It is pink. it looks very nice. (Turkey; A2 WAYSTAGE; 2007; Turkish; Pass)

It was just £15. (Japan; A2 WAYSTAGE; 2007; Japanese; Pass)
28
ADVERBS
adverbs as modifiers
A2
USE: DEGREE WITH VERBS
Can use a limited range of adverbs and adverb phrases (‘so much’, ‘a lot’) with verbs to indicate degree or intensity. ► determiners
I am looking forward to seeing you so much! (A2 WAYSTAGE; 2006; Japanese; Pass)

We listened to music and we danced a lot too. (Uruguay; A2 WAYSTAGE; 2004; Spanish – Latin American; Pass)
29
ADVERBS
adverbs as modifiers
A2
USE: STANCE
Can use a limited range of adverbs (‘actually’, ‘unfortunately’, ‘of course’, ‘I’m sorry’) to indicate an attitude or viewpoint.
It’s very nice that you’re going to help me to paint my bedroom. Actually I want you to decide what colour that my room should be. (Thai, A2 WAYSTAGE, Pass, 2006)

Unfortunately, my team lost. (Others, A2 WAYSTAGE, Pass, 2004)

[talking about a watch] It costs €450 and of course it is black. You know black is my favorite color. (Turkish, A2 WAYSTAGE, Pass, 2007)

I’m sorry you can’t find it. (Greek, A2 WAYSTAGE, Pass, 2006)
30
ADVERBS
adverbs as modifiers
A2
USE: TIME
Can use a limited range of adverbs (‘yesterday’, ‘just’, ‘now’, ‘already’,) to refer to the timing of an event.
Yesterday I went shopping. (Hungary; A2 WAYSTAGE; 2008; Hungarian; Pass)

I’ve just seen your mail. (France; A2 WAYSTAGE; 2007; French; Pass)

I am working very hard now because I want to earn some money. (A2 WAYSTAGE; 2007; Spanish – Latin American; Pass)

[talking about a film] I’ve already seen it. (Brazil; A2 WAYSTAGE; 2003; Portuguese; Pass)
31
ADVERBS
position
A2
FORM: FRONT POSITION
Can use an increasing range of adverbs in front position.
[talking about taking a language course] However I can study only on Monday, Tuesday and Wednesday, because I am working in the restaurant. (A2 WAYSTAGE; 2007; Polish; Pass)

Perhaps I left it in your living room. (Czech Republic; A2 WAYSTAGE; 2005; Czech; Pass)

Just wait right at the door, I will be there. (Mexico; A2 WAYSTAGE; 2009; Spanish – Latin American; Pass)
32
ADVERBS
adverbs and adverb phrases: types and meanings
A2
FORM: MANNER, MODIFYING VERBS
Can use a limited range of manner adverbs to modify verbs.
I really liked it because all the candidates were professional and swam very fast. (Argentina; A2 WAYSTAGE; 2007; Spanish – Latin American; Pass)

I learned to use my phone very quickly and easily. (Turkey; A2 WAYSTAGE; 2007; Turkish; Pass)
33
ADVERBS
position
A2
FORM: DEGREE, END POSITION
Can use degree adverbs in end position.
I miss you a lot. (Brazil; A2 WAYSTAGE; 2004; Portuguese; Pass)

I am looking forward to seeing you so much! (A2 WAYSTAGE; 2006; Japanese; Pass)
34
ADVERBS
adverbs as modifiers
A2
USE: LINKING
Can use a limited range of adverbs (‘also’, ‘so’, ‘however’) to show a relationship between two clauses or sentences.
I also bought some t-shirts. (Cyprus; A2 WAYSTAGE; 2008; Greek; Pass)

[talking about paint] I don’t like green, so I decided to use blue, could you help me to paint my room? (Brazil; A2 WAYSTAGE; 2006; Portuguese; Pass)

Yesterday I bought some clothes: trousers and skirts … However, the clothes were cheap. (Spain; A2 WAYSTAGE; 2008; Spanish – European; Pass)
35
ADVERBS
adverbs as modifiers
A2
USE: CERTAINTY
Can use a limited range of adverbs (‘maybe’, ‘perhaps’) to indicate degrees of certainty.
Or maybe we can walk to there, because it’s not far from my house. (China; A2 WAYSTAGE; 2008; Chinese; Pass)

Perhaps I left it in your living room. (Czech Republic; A2 WAYSTAGE; 2005; Czech; Pass)
36
ADVERBS
adverbs as modifiers
A2
USE: DEGREE, WITH ADJECTIVES
Can use a limited range of degree adverbs (‘so’, ‘quite’, ‘too’) to modify adjectives.
I went to Vinpearland. It’s so beautiful. (Vietnam; A2 WAYSTAGE; 2009; Vietnamese; Pass)

It was quite expensive, it cost £100. (Spain; A2 WAYSTAGE; 2007; Spanish – European; Pass)

The weather was too hot. (India; A2 WAYSTAGE; 2009; Tamil; Pass)
37
ADVERBS
adverbs as modifiers
B1
USE: CERTAINTY
Can use an increasing range of adverbs to indicate degrees of certainty.
[talking about a film] And it will probably be on TV next month! (Russia; B1 THRESHOLD; 2008; Russian; Pass)

If I were you I’d certainly choose not to go with your parents. (Italy; B1 THRESHOLD; 2008; Italian; Pass)

I will definitely give you the bicycle by 5.30 pm or latest by 5.45 pm. (India; B1 THRESHOLD; 2005; Hindi; Pass)
38
ADVERBS
adverbs as modifiers
B1
USE: LINKING
Can use an increasing range of adverbs (‘therefore’, ‘furthermore’, ‘otherwise’) to show a relationship between two clauses or sentences.
You don’t like city’s with a lot of people. Therefore I suggest you go to a small school in the countryside, near your new home. (Switzerland; B1 THRESHOLD; 2008; French; Pass)

I decided to join these classes because I have to improve my reading, writing and speaking in English. Furthermore I want to write my thesis in an English-speaking country next year. (Austria; B1 THRESHOLD; 2002; German; Pass).

Please let me know if you can collect it otherwise I will ask my other Turkish friend. (B1 THRESHOLD; 2009; Turkish; Pass)
39
ADVERBS
adverbs as modifiers
B1
USE: DEGREE WITH VERBS
Can use an increasing range of degree adverbs (‘a little’, ‘a bit’) with verbs to indicate degree or intensity. ► determiners
When I came to England, one year ago, I didn’t know any English word, now I’m very happy because I don’t speak very well but I can understand and speak a little. (Sri Lanka; B1 THRESHOLD; 2002; Mongolian; Pass)

I suggest you to take a little break of about one minute between hours and walk to relax a bit. (Uruguay; B1 THRESHOLD; 2009; Spanish – Latin American; Pass)

I go to bed and I read just a little bit. (Italy; B1 THRESHOLD; 2005; Italian; Pass)
40
ADVERBS
adverbs and adverb phrases: types and meanings
B1
FORM: DEGREE, MODIFYING ADVERBS
Can use a limited range of degree adverbs to modify adverbs. ► adverb phrases: form
We left really early on a Friday morning. (Brazil; B1 THRESHOLD; 2003; Portuguese; Pass)

So I couldn’t wait and I opened it very carefully. (India; B1 THRESHOLD; 2009; Hindi; Pass)
41
ADVERBS
adverbs as modifiers
B1
USE: ORGANISING
Can use adverbs as discourse markers to organise text. ► adverbs: position ► Discourse markers
Firstly, I advise you to visit both schools. (Libya; B1 THRESHOLD; 2008; Amharic; Pass)

Firstly, we need a good expert to run the course.

Secondly, good materials are needed. (China; B1 THRESHOLD; 2006; Chinese; Pass)

What’s more, this topic is very useful, it could offer so many professional suggestions . Finally , in my opinion, this topic is very interesting. (China; B1 THRESHOLD; 2008; Chinese; Fail)

My boss’ talk will be about the advantages and drawbacks which overseas sells bring . Actually , he is very interested in this subject because our company is trying to expand and sell abroad. (Spain; B1 THRESHOLD; 2002; Spanish – European; Fail)
42
ADVERBS
adverb phrases – form
B1
FORM: ADVERB + ADVERB
Can modify an increasing range of adverbs with other adverbs.► adverbs and adverb phrases: types and meanings
We get along quite well. (Belgium; B1 THRESHOLD; 2003; French; Pass)

It will be really big and at first you will feel lonely, but there are so many people, you can find new friends really fast. (Germany; B1 THRESHOLD; 2008; German; Pass)

My style is almost always the same: light blue jeans, with a shirt and my old brown boots. (Switzerland; B1 THRESHOLD; 2006; French; Pass)

The pizza is just too good. (India; B1 THRESHOLD; 2005; Assamese; Pass)

[about a film] It came out just yesterday. (Poland; B1 THRESHOLD; 2004; Polish; Pass)
43
ADVERBS
adverbs as modifiers
B1
USE: MANNER
Can use an increasing range of manner adverbs and adverb phrases to modify how something happens.
They are like my sisters. We go everywhere together. (Argentina; B1 THRESHOLD; 2009; Spanish – Latin American; Pass)

You are a sweet and caring guy and wherever you’ll go, you’ll fit in easily! (Lebanon; B1 THRESHOLD; 2008; Arabic – Levant; Pass)

Of course you have to eat carefully. (Turkey; B1 THRESHOLD; 2009; Turkish; Pass)

Then I took a knife and opened it very carfully and slowly like there was something breakable in it. (Germany; B1 THRESHOLD; 2008; German; Pass)
44
ADVERBS
adverbs as modifiers
B1
USE: PLACE
Can use an increasing range of adverbs and adverb phrases (‘near’, ‘far away’, ‘upstairs’, ‘downstairs’) to indicate place.
You can’t go far away because I don’t think your parents want to pay for it. (Netherlands; B1 THRESHOLD; 2008; Dutch; Pass)

He went downstairs. (Iran; B1 THRESHOLD; 2004; Farsi; Pass)

After the film we went to a shop nearby for lunch and after that we went to a park and played all sorts of games. (Sri Lanka; B1 THRESHOLD; 2002; Singhalese; Pass)
45
ADVERBS
adverbs as modifiers
B1
USE: STANCE
Can use an increasing range of adverbs (‘completely’, ‘obviously’, ‘clearly’, ‘actually’, ‘luckily’, ‘honestly’, ‘sadly’, ‘basically’, ‘obviously’, ‘hopefully’) to indicate an attitude or viewpoint.
I am completely sure. (Spanish – European, B1 THRESHOLD, Pass, 2009)

It’s obviously much more fun to go on vacation with your friends, but your parents will be sad and worry about you all the time you’re gone. (German, B1 THRESHOLD, Pass, 2008)

I am clearly a fashion victim and it’s not a fault. (French, B1 THRESHOLD, Pass, 2006)

Actually she’s my best friend I met her this year when the school started. (Turkish B1 THRESHOLD, Pass, 2009)

Luckily my cousin is now recovering of his illness and all my family is really happy. (B1 THRESHOLD, Pass, 2003)

I don’t watch a lot of TV, sadly I don’t have time. (Spanish – Latin American, B1 THRESHOLD, Pass, 2010)

Surely it depends where your family goes, and where you are going to go with your friends! (Italian, B1 THRESHOLD, Pass, 2008)
46
ADVERBS
adverbs as modifiers
B1
USE: FOCUS
Can use an increasing range of focusing adverbs (‘particularly’, ‘especially’) to point to or highlight something. ► adverbs: position
I usually read in my free time but particularly in the evenings before I go to the bed. (Italy; B1 THRESHOLD; 2005; Italian; Pass)

As you know I love dolphins and all programmes about Nature and Wild life, especially the Discovery Channel. (Czech Republic; B1 THRESHOLD; 2007; Czech; Pass)
47
ADVERBS
adverbs and adverb phrases: types and meanings
B1
FORM/USE: MODIFYING CLAUSES, STANCE
Can use adverbs to modify clauses and sentences to indicate stance or attitude.
But, obviously, you prefer going with your friends because you will have a better time. (Spain; B1 THRESHOLD; 2008; Spanish – European; Pass)

Luckily, I arrived in time. (Czech Republic; B1 THRESHOLD; 2006; Czech; Pass)

I think you should walk with a friend, otherwise it could be boring. (Spain; B1 THRESHOLD; 2009; Spanish – European; Pass)
48
ADVERBS
adverbs as modifiers
B1
USE: DEGREE, ‘REALLY REALLY’
Can use ‘really really’ with verbs and adjectives for emphasis.
Oh, I really really like her very friendly and lovely smile. (Vietnam; B1 THRESHOLD; 2009; Vietnamese; Pass)

I am not keen on football so, I think it is really really borring. (France; B1 THRESHOLD; 2010; French; Pass)
49
ADVERBS
adverbs as modifiers
B1
USE: TIME
Can use an increasing range of adverbs to refer to the timing of an event.
Dear Kate, I went to the cinema with a new friend recently. (Brazil; B1 THRESHOLD; 2002; Portuguese; Pass)

I immediately called her to see if everything was O.K. (Italy; B1 THRESHOLD; 2008; Italian; Pass)
50
ADVERBS
adverbs and adverb phrases: types and meanings
B1
FORM: MANNER, MODIFYING VERBS
Can use an increasing range of manner adverbs to modify verbs.
You have to choose carefully. (Italy; B1 THRESHOLD; 2008; Italian; Pass)

My smile slowly disappeared as I finished my reading. (Germany; B1 THRESHOLD; 2008; German; Pass)

She looked at me seriously and said “Can you sing a song right now?” (Turkey; B1 THRESHOLD; 2009; Turkish; Pass)
51
ADVERBS
adverbs as modifiers
B2
USE: TIME
Can use a wide range of adverbs and adverb phrases to refer to the timing of an event.
I look forward hearing from you shortly and I thank you in advance. (Spain; B2 VANTAGE; 1998; Catalan; Pass)

It sounded like a muffled laugh, and she instantly recognised it as her mother’s. (Slovenia; B2 VANTAGE; 2008; Slovene; Pass)

It isn’t the job you will do permanently . (Greece; B2 VANTAGE; 2001; Greek; Pass)

You know it’s very difficult to decide what to buy if you need both things simultaneously. (Russia; B2 VANTAGE; 1997; Russian; Pass)

The trend that has appeared rather recently and is very common among young people nowadays is named “casual chique”. (Greece; C2 MASTERY; 2009; Greek; Pass)
52
ADVERBS
adverb phrases – form
B2
FORM: COMPARATIVE
Can modify an adverb with a comparative structure.
Obviously, you can get to work by car quicker and more comfortably than by bicycle. (Poland; B2 VANTAGE; 1993; Polish; Pass)

Furthermore, you have to repair your car much more often than your bicycle – so it’s quite probable that you are going to spend plenty of time in the garage. (Poland; B2 VANTAGE; 1993; Polish; Pass)

The computer system is such a quick system that we can search and analyse information much more quickly than before. (China; B2 VANTAGE; 1999; Chinese; Pass)

If we could get 2 million euros to invest in the new product “Stop ‘n’ run”, profits will rise even more sharply than they did last year. (Switzerland; B2 VANTAGE; 2008; Swiss German; Pass)
53
ADVERBS
position
B2
FORM/USE: FRONT POSITION, INVERSION WITH ‘NEVER’
Can use ‘never’ in front position followed by an inverted subject (most commonly ‘I’) + main verb verb, to give focus.
Never have I seen such a realistic and impressive film before. (Argentina; B2 VANTAGE; 2008; Spanish – Latin American; Pass)

Never had I thought that my parents would do this to me. (Netherlands; B2 VANTAGE; 1993; Dutch; Fail)
54
ADVERBS
adverbs and adverb phrases: types and meanings
B2
FORM: DEGREE, MODIFYING NOUN PHRASES
Can use degree adverbs to modify noun phrases. ► noun phrases
It would be quite a formal meeting. (Thailand; B2 VANTAGE; 2001; Thai; Pass)

I live rather a long way from work, about 10 km. (Sweden; B2 VANTAGE; 1993; Swedish; Pass)

[talking about a dog] After all, he is almost a human. (Russia; B2 VANTAGE; 1997; Russian; Pass)
55
ADVERBS
adverbs and adverb phrases: types and meanings
B2
FORM: DEGREE, MODIFYING DETERMINERS
Can use degree adverbs (‘almost’, ‘very’) to modify determiners. ► determiners
Today, thanks to the Internet, I can work at home almost all the time, which is far more relaxing and less boring. (Spain; B2 VANTAGE; 2000; Catalan; Pass)

There are probably very few of us who have never been to a zoo. (Poland; B2 VANTAGE; 1993; Polish; Pass)
56
ADVERBS
adverbs as modifiers
B2
USE: MANNER
Can use a wide range of manner adverbs to modify how something happpens.
She realises that he is a very dangerous man and that she should take his warning seriously. (Sweden; B2 VANTAGE; 1993; Swedish; Pass)

Today I read the notice “Volunteers needed urgently ” and I would like to be one. (B2 VANTAGE; 2007; German; Pass)

As our parking space has been used illegally by the public, we will change our parking system. (Japan; B2 VANTAGE; 2000; Japanese; Fail)
57
ADVERBS
adverbs and adverb phrases: types and meanings
B2
FORM: DEGREE, MODIFYING PRONOUNS
Can use degree adverbs to modify pronouns. ► pronouns
You can eat very well and pay almost nothing. (Brazil; B2 VANTAGE; 1997; Portuguese; Pass)

This is the most crowded place in my town and you can buy absolutely anything you like. (Russia; B2 VANTAGE; 1998; Russian; Pass)
58
ADVERBS
adverbs and adverb phrases: types and meanings
C1
FORM: DEGREE, MODIFYING COMPARATIVES
Can use degree adverbs (‘slightly’, ‘a bit’, ‘much’) to modify comparatives.
My Spanish is slightly more fluent than my English, because I lived in Spain longer than in England. (Russia; C1 EFFECTIVE OPERATIONAL PROFICIENCY; 1999; Russian; Fail)

It will be a bit more expensive than the bus but it’s safer and quicker. (France; C1 EFFECTIVE OPERATIONAL PROFICIENCY; 1993; French; Pass)

Despite all the controversies between these two generations, the grandchildren shouldn’t forget that their grandparents are much more experienced. (Greece; C1 EFFECTIVE OPERATIONAL PROFICIENCY; 2008; Greek; Pass)
59
ADVERBS
adverbs as modifiers
C1
USE: CERTAINTY
Can use a wide range of adverbs to indicate degrees of certainty.
It was undoubtedly an unforgettable experience. (Portuguese, C1 EFFECTIVE OPERATIONAL PROFICIENCY, Pass, 1993)

Television programms are undeniably a way of keeping ourselves well-informed and open to a special knowledge of every aspect of our lives. (Poland; C1 EFFECTIVE OPERATIONAL PROFICIENCY; 2007; Polish; Pass)

I bought a skirt, a pair of jeans and a white dress, because I absolutely need new clothes for your party! (Italy; A2 WAYSTAGE; 2008; Italian; Pass)
60
ADVERBS
adverb phrases – form
C1
FORM/USE: ADVERBS + PREPOSITIONAL PHRASES, HIGHLIGHT
Can post-modify adverbs with a complex prepositional phrase complement, to highlight information.
Luckily for you, I kept notes on everything we did, so I proudly present to you the top 4 of our course-days. (Greece; C1 EFFECTIVE OPERATIONAL PROFICIENCY; 2009; Greek; Pass)

Unfortunately for some of them, the “holiday of their dreams” turned out to be rather nightmarish. (Switzerland; C1 EFFECTIVE OPERATIONAL PROFICIENCY; 1993; German; Pass)

Especially in the period of 1999-2001, it shot up from 5 points to 7 points. (China; C1 EFFECTIVE OPERATIONAL PROFICIENCY; 2002; Chinese; Pass)

Probably in the next ten or more years, the engineering profession will be as much respected as it used to be twenty years ago. (Russia; C1 EFFECTIVE OPERATIONAL PROFICIENCY; 2001; Russian; Pass)
61
ADVERBS
adverb phrases – form
C1
FORM/USE: ADVERB + ‘ENOUGH’
Can post-modify adverbs with ‘enough to intensify’.
Surprisingly enough, Meal’s management was very responsive. (Netherlands; C1 EFFECTIVE OPERATIONAL PROFICIENCY; 2009; Dutch; Pass)

Sadly enough, I wasn’t able to find any job proposals for us myself, so I’ll just have to speculate on the results of your work. (Russia; C1 EFFECTIVE OPERATIONAL PROFICIENCY; 2008; Russian; Pass)

Luckily enough, we have a garden where we can cook over an open fire, and as the temperatures in June are rather enjoyable here in Sweden, it actually works. (C1 EFFECTIVE OPERATIONAL PROFICIENCY; 1993; Swedish; Pass)
62
ADVERBS
adverbs and adverb phrases: types and meanings
C1
FORM: DEGREE, MODIFYING ADVERBS
Can use an increasing range of degree adverbs to modify a range of adverb types. ► adjectives ► adverb phrases: form
The attitude of young people today towards keeping fit and healthy has almost completely changed. (Germany; C1 EFFECTIVE OPERATIONAL PROFICIENCY; 1999; German; Pass)

Moreover, making use of some techniques I practised in the How to Negotiate classes is something which happens to me quite frequently. (Italy; C1 EFFECTIVE OPERATIONAL PROFICIENCY; 1993; Romanian; Pass)

The mobile market is growing incredibly fast in Britain and your company is leading this process. (Brazil; C1 EFFECTIVE OPERATIONAL PROFICIENCY; 2006; Portuguese; Pass)

Recently, the charity organised a fun-raising day, which went reasonably well . (Thailand; C1 EFFECTIVE OPERATIONAL PROFICIENCY; 2000; Thai; Pass)
63
ADVERBS
adverbs as modifiers
C1
USE: DEGREE, WITH ADJECTIVES
Can use a wide range of adverbs with adjectives to express degree or intensity.
It deals with the friendship between two completely different men. (Germany; C1 EFFECTIVE OPERATIONAL PROFICIENCY; 1999; German; Pass)

It is extremely important that the project is finished before September. (Greece; C1 EFFECTIVE OPERATIONAL PROFICIENCY; 2000; Greek; Pass)

The last thing I would like to mention is that you have lost a single passenger’s luggage three times, which is totally unacceptable. (Sweden; C1 EFFECTIVE OPERATIONAL PROFICIENCY; 2005; Swedish; Pass)
64
ADVERBS
adverb phrases – form
C1
FORM: ADVERB + ADVERB
Can modify a wide range of adverbs with other adverbs.
Even the beautiful, attractive cover and the extra Audio CD aren’t enough to justify the slightly higher price, especially because the value of this game will drop extremely rapidly. (Luxembourg; C1 EFFECTIVE OPERATIONAL PROFICIENCY; 2000; Greek; Pass)

Firstly, we should get some TV airtime, to catch the attention of a large number of people effectively and achieve a substantial market penetration relatively quickly. (Switzerland; C1 EFFECTIVE OPERATIONAL PROFICIENCY; 2003; German; Pass)
65
ADVERBS
adverbs as modifiers
C1
USE: STANCE
Can use a wide range of stance adverbs (simply, truly, surely, apparently, naturally, surprisingly, inevitably, literally, exceptionally, frankly, clearly, amazingly, wisely, admittedly) to indicate an attitude or viewpoint, often in clause initial position.
Obviously everybody has the right to be on a strike. (Spanish – Other, C1 EFFECTIVE OPERATIONAL PROFICIENCY, Pass, 1993)

We can’t truly blame ourselves for this unlucky beginning. (Greek, C1 EFFECTIVE OPERATIONAL PROFICIENCY, Pass, 2000)

Apparently someone made a mistake writing the details I gave over the phone. (Polish, C1 EFFECTIVE OPERATIONAL PROFICIENCY, Pass, 2009)

Naturally , I inclined towards the second option. (Romanian, C1 EFFECTIVE OPERATIONAL PROFICIENCY, Pass, 2008)

Luckily for me, I stayed with a kind and helpful host family but they lived four miles from the school. (Swedish, C1 EFFECTIVE OPERATIONAL PROFICIENCY, Pass, 1993)
66
ADVERBS
position
C2
FORM/USE: MID POSITION, DISTANCING
Can use adverbs in mid position, to distance the writer from what they are saying.
In all actuality Piggy himself theoretically has all the necessary character traits and skills at his disposal that would ensure he would be an effective leader. (Germany; C2 MASTERY; 1993; German; Pass)

For the houses opposite the cargo area we strongly support the idea of a “green” wall, as it was mentioned in the report of the town council but surprisingly seems to have been forgotten afterwards. (German, C2 MASTERY, Pass, 1993)
67
ADVERBS
position
C2
FORM/USE: FRONT POSITION, INVERSION, WITH ‘HARDLY’
Can use ‘hardly’ in front position followed by an inverted subject and verb, to give focus.
Hardly had he reached his front door when he heard the phone ringing. (Greece; C2 MASTERY; 1993; Greek; Pass)

Hardly had she finished her complaints when Bob stood up, paid and left. (Switzerland; C2 MASTERY; 1993; French; Pass)

Hardly had they arrived when they saw a sleek, black car leaving the house’s yard. (Italy; C2 MASTERY; 2000; Italian; Pass)
68
ADVERBS
adverb phrases – form
C2
FORM: PRE- AND POST-MODIFIED ADVERBS
Can form adverb phrases with modifiers before, and complements after, adverbs.
Many politicians and owners of big enterprises have been able for a long time to work almost exclusively for their own interests. (C2 MASTERY; 1993; ; Pass)

It was so completely in harmony with the sun, the sea, the sand, the summer, I decided instantly that was the kind of thing I would like to keep and collect. (Greece; C2 MASTERY; 2002; Greek; Pass)
69
ADVERBS
adverbs as modifiers
C2
USE: DISTANCING
Can use adverbs mid clause, to distance the writer from what they are saying.
He came out from school at the age of 16, and joined the “Universidad xxx” – the best one in Chile, supposedly – to study Economics (Spanish – Latin American, C2 MASTERY, Pass, 1993)
The author of the letter apparently has no experience of being a parent in our times. (Polish, C2 MASTERY, Pass, 200)
He was quite nice to me, surprisingly and he told him that he would do his best but that the music was not too loud. (France; C2 MASTERY; 1997; French; Pass)