Adjectives

Adjectives

SuperCategory
SubCategory
Level
guideword
Can-do statement
Example
ADJECTIVES
position
A1
FORM: PREDICATIVE, WITH ‘BE’
Can use a limited range of adjectives predicatively, after ‘be’.
I like my home because my bedroom is big. (Turkish, A1 BREAKTHROUGH, Pass, 2009)

This place is lovely. (Polish, A1 BREAKTHROUGH, Pass, 2007)

My kitchen is nice. (Farsi, A1 BREAKTHROUGH, Pass, 2009)

This place is beautiful. (Tagalog, A1 BREAKTHROUGH, Pass, 2007)
ADJECTIVES
combining
A1
FORM: COMBINING TWO ADJECTIVES WITH ‘AND’
Can use ‘and’ to join a limited range of common adjectives.
The teachers are very nice and friendly . (A1 BREAKTHROUGH; 2007; Polish; Pass)

I like my house because it is big and comfortable . (A1 BREAKTHROUGH; 2007; Polish; Pass)

You can buy Turkish and English products as well. (A1 BREAKTHROUGH; Polish)
ADJECTIVES
position
A1
FORM: ATTRIBUTIVE (WITH NOUNS)
Can use a limited range of adjectives attributively, before a noun. ► noun phrases
We have a big garden and a small swimming pool. (Arabic – Other, A1 BREAKTHROUGH, Pass, 2009)

My name is Bogdan. I am your new neighbour. (Polish, A1 BREAKTHROUGH, Pass, 2008)

I like my home because I have a nice park next to my house. (Farsi, A1 BREAKTHROUGH, Pass, 2009)
ADJECTIVES
superlatives
A1
FORM: ‘MY BEST FRIEND’
Can use the irregular superlative adjective ‘best’ in the phrase ‘my best friend’.
She’s my best friend. (A1 BREAKTHROUGH; 2006; Polish; Pass)

Shahin is my best friend. (A1 BREAKTHROUGH; 2006; Urdu; Pass)
ADJECTIVES
modifying
A1
FORM: WITH ‘VERY’
Can use ‘very’ with a limited range of common gradable adjectives.
I like Croydon because it’s very quiet and very nice. (A1 BREAKTHROUGH; Farsi)

My neighbours are very friendly. (A1; Slovak)
ADJECTIVES
superlatives
A2
FORM: WITH ‘-ST’
Can form superlative adjectives using the suffix ‘-st’ to adjectives ending in ‘–e’.
I always watch the latest music videos from there. (Malaysia; A2 WAYSTAGE; 2010; Chinese; Pass)

I like it because it’s the largest. (Italy; A2 WAYSTAGE; 2004; Italian; Pass)

But the nicest thing at my party was my presents. (Brazil; A2 WAYSTAGE; 2004; Portuguese; Fail)
ADJECTIVES
position
A2
FORM: PREDICATIVE, WITH LINKING VERBS
Can use a limited range of adjectives predicatively, after linking verbs ‘look’ and ‘feel’.
It is black and it looks perfect. (Cyprus; A2 WAYSTAGE; 2007; Turkish; Pass)

I bought them because I feel comfortable when I am wearing these clothes. (Malaysia; A2 WAYSTAGE; 2008; Malay; Pass)
ADJECTIVES
superlatives
A2
FORM: WITH ‘-EST’
Can form superlative adjectives by adding the suffix ‘-est’, to adjectives of one syllable.
… it’s the biggest and oldest museum in Libya. (Libya; A2 WAYSTAGE; 2001; Arabic – Meghreb; Pass)

It was the cheapest in this shop! (Spain; A2 WAYSTAGE; 2008; Spanish – European; Pass)
ADJECTIVES
modifying
A2
FORM: WITH DEGREE ADVERBS
Can use adverbs of degree (‘really’, ‘so’, ‘quite’) with an increasing range of common gradable adjectives.
It was sunny and really hot every day! (Argentina; A2 WAYSTAGE; 2009; Spanish – Latin American; Pass)

I’m so happy because we can have a party for my birthday together! (Italy; A2 WAYSTAGE; 2009; Croatian; Pass)

They are quite expensive. (Malaysia; A2 WAYSTAGE; 2008; Chinese; Pass)
ADJECTIVES
modifying
A2
FORM: WITH ‘TOO’ + PREPOSITIONAL PHRASE
Can use ‘too’ + adjective + prepositional phrase
I bought them because I noticed that most of my clothes were too small for me. (Japan; A2 WAYSTAGE; 2008; Japanese; Pass)
ADJECTIVES
comparatives
A2
FORM: + -ER
Can form comparative adjectives from adjectives of one syllable by adding ‘-er’.
I played computer games with my older brother. (Vietnam; A2 WAYSTAGE; 2009; Vietnamese; Pass)

The shirt was cheaper than the trousers. (Spain; A2 WAYSTAGE; 2008; Spanish – European; Pass)

It is easy to use and it is smaller than the old one. (Spain; A2 WAYSTAGE; 2007; Spanish – European; Pass)
ADJECTIVES
superlatives
A2
FORM/USE: WITH ‘OF’ + NOUN
Can use a limited range of prepositional phrases with ‘of’ after a superlative adjective, to refer to one thing within a set or part of a set.
My teacher said that it was the best project of all. (Russia; B1 THRESHOLD; 2010; Russian; Pass)

I learned to surf, this was the best part of the trip. (A2 WAYSTAGE; 2008; Portuguese; Pass)

Hi, Ally. You will miss the best party of the year! (Brazil; A2 WAYSTAGE; 2004; Portuguese; Pass)
ADJECTIVES
comparatives
A2
FORM: IRREGULAR
Can form irregular comparative adjectives.
What colour do you think is better? (A2 WAYSTAGE; 2006; Spanish – Other; Pass)

For further information, contact Joey Hung. (Hong Kong; A2 WAYSTAGE; 1999; Chinese; Pass)
ADJECTIVES
comparatives
A2
FORM: COMPLEMENT OF ‘BE’
Can use comparative adjectives as a complement of ‘be’.
Sam, It would be better if you came after 4.30 p.m. (Sri Lanka; A2 WAYSTAGE; 2009; Singhalese; Pass)

You can come by bus, it’s easier. (Turkey; A2 WAYSTAGE; 2009; Turkish; Pass)

You need to wear shorts and a t-shirt so you are more comfortable. (Argentina; A2 WAYSTAGE; 2008; Spanish – Latin American; Pass)
ADJECTIVES
superlatives
A2
FORM: WITH ‘MY’ OR ‘YOUR’
Can form a noun phrase with ‘my’ or ‘your’ + superlative adjective + noun, with a limited range of nouns and contexts. ► noun phrases
I bought these clothes for my youngest brother …. (Malaysia; A2 WAYSTAGE; 2008; Chinese; Pass)

[talking about painting a room] Please wear your oldest clothes. (Malaysia; A2 WAYSTAGE; 2006; Chinese; Pass)
ADJECTIVES
superlatives
A2
FORM/USE: WITH ‘IN’ + NOUN
Can use prepositional phrases with ‘in’ + singular name of a place after a superlative adjective.
It’s the biggest room in the house. (Italy; A2 WAYSTAGE; 2000; Italian; Pass)

I bought them because they are the cheapest clothes in the shop. (Italy; A2 WAYSTAGE; 2008; Italian; Pass)
ADJECTIVES
superlatives
A2
FORM: WITH ‘-EST’
Can form superlative adjectives with adjectives of one syllable with a short vowel, by doubling the final consonant and adding ‘–est’.
… it’s the biggest and oldest museum in Libya. (Libya; A2 WAYSTAGE; 2001; Arabic – Meghreb; Pass)

It’s the biggest room in the house. (Italy; A2 WAYSTAGE; 2000; Italian; Pass)
ADJECTIVES
comparatives
A2
FORM: WITH ‘THAN’
Can use a comparative adjective with ‘than’ to compare two nouns or noun phrases.► comparative clauses
It’s smaller than my old phone and I like it because it has bluetooth and it isn’t very expensive. (Spain; A2 WAYSTAGE; 2007; Spanish – European; Pass)

The weather in Thailand was hotter than Vietnam, but I was alright! (Vietnam; A2 WAYSTAGE; 2009; Vietnamese; Pass)

My new mobile is more interesting than my old mobile. (Spain; A2 WAYSTAGE; 2007; Spanish – European; Pass)
ADJECTIVES
superlatives
A2
FORM: WITH ‘THE MOST’
Can form superlative adjective phrases using ‘the most’, with longer adjectives of two or more syllables.
We love football competitions because here in Uruguay football is the most popular sport. (Uruguay; A2 WAYSTAGE; 2007; Spanish – Latin American; Pass)

It is the most famous place in Edinburgh and it is interesting too. (Hong Kong; A2 WAYSTAGE; 2001; Chinese; Pass)

The problem was that it was the most expensive mobile in the shop. (Spain; A2 WAYSTAGE; 2007; Catalan; Pass)
ADJECTIVES
position
A2
FORM: PREDICATIVE, WITH ‘BE’
Can use an increasing range of adjectives predicatively, after ‘be’.
Yes, I am free Monday morning. (A1 BREAKTHROUGH; 2011; Romanian; Pass)

I love her because she is friendly. (A1 BREAKTHROUGH; 2006; Bengali; Pass)
ADJECTIVES
modifying
A2
FORM: WITH ‘TOO’
Can use ‘too’ with common gradable adjectives.
They aren’t too expensive. They cost like £30. (Mexico; A2 WAYSTAGE; 2008; Spanish – Latin American; Pass)

I bought a jacket because the other one that I had was too small. (Portugal; A2 WAYSTAGE; 2008; Portuguese; Pass)
ADJECTIVES
combining
A2
FORM: COMBINING TWO ADJECTIVES WITH ‘BUT’
Can use ‘but’ to join a limited range of common adjectives, after ‘be’.
The weather was cloudy but fine. (A2 WAYSTAGE; 2009; Spanish – Latin American; Pass)

It was cheap but beautiful. (Malaysia; A2 WAYSTAGE; 2008; Chinese; Pass)
ADJECTIVES
comparatives
A2
FORM: ENDING IN ‘-E’ + ‘-R’
Can form comparative adjectives with adjectives of one syllable ending in ‘e’, by adding ‘-r’.
[talking about an alternative plan] I think it will be nicer. (France; A2 WAYSTAGE; 2003; French; Pass)

You can come by boat, but I prefer to come by aeroplane because it is safer. (Cyprus; A2 WAYSTAGE; 2009; Greek; Pass)
ADJECTIVES
comparatives
A2
FORM: BEFORE NOUNS
Can use comparative adjectives attributively, before nouns.
I just watched a cricket match with my younger brother and my father. (India; A2 WAYSTAGE; 2007; Hindi; Pass)

I bought the shoes and the t-shirt for my older brother’s party. (Mexico; A2 WAYSTAGE; 2008; Spanish – Latin American; Pass)

I want to take this course because I want to know more about computers, so that I can get a better job. (A2 WAYSTAGE; 2007; Gujarati; Pass)
ADJECTIVES
superlatives
A2
FORM: WITH ‘THE’
Can form a noun phrase with ‘the’ + superlative adjective + noun. ► noun phrases
It has the latest technology. (Cyprus; A2 WAYSTAGE; 2007; Greek; Pass)

The best place is La Baule, which is Europe’s biggest beach. (France; A2 WAYSTAGE; 2001; French; Pass)
ADJECTIVES
superlatives
A2
FORM/USE: COMPLEX NOUN PHRASES
Can form a limited range of complex noun phrases with a superlative adjective + prepositional phrase, to talk about something unique.► noun phrases ► clauses: comparison
It is the biggest zoo in the world. (Hong Kong; A2 WAYSTAGE; 2001; Chinese; Pass)

They were the happiest days of my life. (Argentina; A2 WAYSTAGE; 2009; Spanish – Latin American; Pass)
ADJECTIVES
superlatives
A2
FORM: WITH ‘-EST’
Can form superlative adjectives using the ‘-est’ suffix, with adjectives of one syllable, and with two-syllable adjectives ending in -y.
The easiest way to get my house is by Underground. (Brazil; A2 WAYSTAGE; 2009; Portuguese; Pass)

… you are the funniest person that I have ever seen! (Brazil; A2 WAYSTAGE; 2004; Portuguese; Pass)
ADJECTIVES
superlatives
A2
FORM: ELLIPSIS, WITH ‘THE’
Can use ‘the’ with a limited range of superlative adjectives without a following noun, when the noun is understood.
My relatives gave me presents but the computer game was the best. (Turkey; A2 WAYSTAGE; 2004; Turkish; Pass)

But Mark’s present was the most beautiful! (Russia; A2 WAYSTAGE; 2004; Russian; Pass)
ADJECTIVES
comparatives
A2
FORM: WITH ‘MORE’
Can form a range of comparative adjective phrases using ‘more’ + longer adjectives (usually three or more syllables).
I think you must be more careful. (Turkey; A2 WAYSTAGE; 2006; Turkish; Pass)

It was more expensive than the other clothes. (Spain; A2 WAYSTAGE; 2008; Catalan; Pass)
ADJECTIVES
position
A2
FORM/USE: LIMITING ADJECTIVES
Can use a limited range of adjectives (‘main’, ‘only’) that limit the noun that they go before.
…the main reason is that I am practising the language. (Mexico; A2 WAYSTAGE; 2002; Spanish – Latin American; Pass)

But the only thing that I didn’t like was the weather. (Peru; A2 WAYSTAGE; 2009; Spanish – Latin American; Pass)
ADJECTIVES
comparatives
A2
FORM: + -IER
Can form comparative adjectives with adjectives of two syllables ending in ‘-y’ by changing the ‘y’ to an ‘I’ and adding ‘-er’.
I like it because it’s small and easier to use than other phones. (Spain; A2 WAYSTAGE; 2007; Spanish – European; Pass)

The students were happier and there were lots of stories for their parents. (A2 WAYSTAGE; 2011; French; Pass)
ADJECTIVES
comparatives
A2
FORM: DOUBLE CONSONANT + ‘-ER’
Can form comparative adjectives with adjectives of one syllable with a short vowel, by doubling the final consonant and adding ‘-er’
The rooms are all very beautiful, but I prefer my room because is bigger. (Italy; A2 WAYSTAGE; 2000; Italian; Pass)

I bought lots of T-shirts because the weather is getting hotter. (Taiwan; A2 WAYSTAGE; 2008; Chinese; Pass)
ADJECTIVES
modifying
A2
FORM: WITH PREPOSITIONAL PHRASE
Can form adjective phrases with a very limited range of adjectives + a prepositional phrase.
I think swimming is good for my body. (China; A2 WAYSTAGE; 2002; Chinese; Pass)

The house was full of people, my family and friends. (Argentina; A2 WAYSTAGE; 2004; Spanish – Latin American; Pass)
ADJECTIVES
superlatives
B1
FORM: WITH DETERMINERS
Can form noun phrases with a range of determiners before a superlative adjective. ► noun phrases
There, people wear their best clothes. (Spain; B1 THRESHOLD; 2006; Spanish – European; Pass)

Tomorrow I’m expecting a delivery of our latest catalogues. (Germany; B1 THRESHOLD; 2010; German; Pass)
ADJECTIVES
modifying
B1
FORM: WITH ‘TOO’ + ‘TO’-INFINITIVE
Can use ‘too’ before adjectives followed by ‘to’-infinitive.
He always told me that he was too busy to write a letter to me, his wife. (France; B1 THRESHOLD; 2008; French; Pass)

We took two days to mend it, but the machine is too old to work well. (China; B1 THRESHOLD; 2002; Chinese; Pass)
ADJECTIVES
superlatives
B1
FORM/USE: ‘THE BEST’ WITH NOUN AND PRESENT PERFECT
Can use ‘the best’ before a noun + present perfect to talk about a unique experience.
It was the best birthday present I have ever had. (Iran; B1 THRESHOLD; 2003; Farsi; Pass)

That is the best game I’ve ever played. (Romania; B1 THRESHOLD; 2010; Hungarian; Pass)
ADJECTIVES
comparatives
B1
FORM/USE: WITH ‘A (LITTLE) BIT’
Can use ‘a (little) bit’ to modify comparative adjectives used predicatively after a verb, usually ‘be’.
He’s 15, a bit smaller than me, dark hair, brown eyes. (France; B1 THRESHOLD; 2003; French; Pass)

Our first lesson was a bit shorter, but very unusual. (Slovakia; B1 THRESHOLD; 2002; Slovak; Pass)

She’s a little bit older than me. (Hungary; B1 THRESHOLD; 2010; Hungarian; Pass)
ADJECTIVES
modifying
B1
FORM: ADJECTIVE PHRASE + NOUN
Can use adjective phrases attributively, before a noun.
… my boss told me that at 10.15 am I have a very important meeting. (Germany; B1 THRESHOLD; 2008; Urdu; Pass)

… she’s also a really good friend. (Belgium; B1 THRESHOLD; 2009; French; Pass)
ADJECTIVES
position
B1
FORM: WITH ‘MAKE’ AS OBJECT COMPLEMENT
Can use adjectives as object complement after ‘make’.
That’s something that makes me angry! (Brazil; B1 THRESHOLD; 2010; Portuguese; Pass)

… you should tell them that you don’t want to make them sad but you really want to go on holiday with your friends. (Greece; B1 THRESHOLD; 2008; Greek; Pass)

Maria realised that being kind and trying to make other people happy is always the best way! (Iran; B1 THRESHOLD; 2008; Farsi; Pass)
ADJECTIVES
combining
B1
FORM: COMBINING THE SAME COMPARATIVE ADJECTIVE WITH ‘AND’
Can use ‘and’ to repeat a comparative adjective to indicate change over time, usually after ‘become’ or get. ► adjectives: comparatives
I could see how the fire was burning the door, and the room became hotter and hotter. (Argentina; B1 THRESHOLD; 2007; Spanish – Latin American; Pass)

I think that’s a good question, because nowadays television is getting worse and worse, but there are still some good programmes. (Spain; B1 THRESHOLD; 2007; Spanish – European; Pass)
ADJECTIVES
combining
B1
FORM: BEFORE THE NOUN
Can use a comma to combine two adjectives used before the noun, following the usual order of adjective types.
It was the biggest TV in the bazaar, with its huge, black screen. (Turkey; B1 THRESHOLD; 2009; Turkish; Pass)

My house was built in 1864. It’s an old, Victorian-style house. (B1 THRESHOLD; 2003; ; Pass)
ADJECTIVES
superlatives
B1
FORM: ‘THE BEST’ WITH NOUN AND ‘TO-‘ INFINITIVE
Can use ‘the best’ before a noun + ‘to’-infinitive. ► clauses: comparative
Summer is the best time to visit Poland. (Poland; B1 THRESHOLD; 2004; Polish; Pass)

I’m sorry but I’m afraid that I’m not the best person to ask about TV, because I’m up to my eyes at work and I don’t have any time to spend watching TV. (Spain; B1 THRESHOLD; 2010; Spanish – European; Pass)
ADJECTIVES
position
B1
FORM: ATTRIBUTIVE (WITH NOUNS)
Can use an increasing range of adjectives attributively, before a noun.
► noun phrases
The main character in the programme is a journalist who is visiting the town. (Arabic – Meghreb, B1 THRESHOLD, Pass, 2007)

Dear Fiona, I see you are in a complicated situation, aren’t you? (Czech, B1 THRESHOLD, Pass, 2008)

The first of them had long dark hair and the second one had short fair curly hair. (French, B1 THRESHOLD, Pass, 2001)

In the evening, we used to go to a famous restaurant where you can eat delicious local food. (Italian, B1 THRESHOLD, Pass, 2008)


I decided to see the “Zorro’s Mask” because it’s an amusing and entertaining action film and love-story. (Hungarian, B1 THRESHOLD, Pass, 2004)
ADJECTIVES
superlatives
B1
FORM/USE: COMPLEX NOUN PHRASES
Can form an increasing range of complex noun phrases with a superlative adjective + prepositional phrase, to talk about something unique. ► noun phrases
Yesterday was the most exciting day of my life! (Italy; B1 THRESHOLD; 2008; Italian; Pass)

Well, exercise is undoubtedly the most important thing in our lives for our health. (Cyprus; B1 THRESHOLD; 2009; Greek; Pass)
ADJECTIVES
comparatives
B1
FORM/USE: WITH ‘(SO) MUCH’
Can use ‘(so) much’ to modify and intensify comparative adjectives used predicatively after a verb, usually ‘be’.
I think the teacher in the new class is much better than the last one. (Germany; B1 THRESHOLD; 2002; German; Pass)

The house is beautiful, and so much bigger than the previous one. (Poland; B1 THRESHOLD; 2007; Polish; Pass)
ADJECTIVES
modifying
B1
FORM: WITH ‘QUITE A’
Can form adjective phrases with ‘quite a’ + adjective.
I been thinking about your last letter for quite a long time and I came to the following conclusion. (Uruguay; B1 THRESHOLD; 2004; Spanish – Latin American; Pass)

This is quite a difficult situation you have. (Germany; B1 THRESHOLD; 2008; German; Pass)

I personally think going to a large school is quite a good idea. (Thailand; B1 THRESHOLD; 2008; Thai; Pass)
ADJECTIVES
comparatives
B1
FORM/USE: WITH ‘EVEN’
Can use ‘even’ to modify and intensify comparative adjectives used predicatively after a verb, usually ‘be’ and ‘get’.
[talking about a series of films] I’m sure you’ve seen part one already, but part two was even better! (Thailand; B1 THRESHOLD; 2002; Thai; Pass)

As I finished, my smile got even bigger. (Germany; B1 THRESHOLD; 2008; German; Pass)

I think that it is awful, because that means that in Spain it will be even hotter than it is now. (Spain; B1 THRESHOLD; 2007; Catalan; Pass)
ADJECTIVES
combining
B1
FORM: COMBINING MORE THAN TWO ADJECTIVES
Can use commas and ‘and’ to join more than two adjectives, after ‘be’.
Her name is Cassia, she is beautiful, intelligent, funny and very reliable. (Brazil; B1 THRESHOLD; 2002; Portuguese; Pass)

He is tall, thin and not very handsome, but he is very nice and friendly. (Spain; B1 THRESHOLD; 2003; Spanish – European; Pass)
ADJECTIVES
position
B1
FORM: ADJECTIVES WITH PREFIX ‘A-‘
Can use adjectives with the prefix a- (‘asleep’, ‘awake’, ‘alive’, ‘alone’) predicatively only, after linking verbs.
I was very nervious because I was alone at the bus station … (Mexico; B1 THRESHOLD; 2006; Spanish – Latin American; Pass)

On that night while I was watching TV, I was almost asleep , the door bell rang. (Turkey; B1 THRESHOLD; 2007; Turkish; Pass)

We went in the room and I was very happy that my father was still alive. (Malaysia; B1 THRESHOLD; 2005; Chinese; Pass)
ADJECTIVES
superlatives
B1
FORM: ‘ONE OF THE’
Can use ‘one of the’ before a superlative adjective, followed by a plural noun. ► noun phrases
It was one of the best days of my life. (Colombia; B1 THRESHOLD; 2009; Spanish – Latin American; Pass)

I recommend that you should go to Akihabara, which is one of the most famous places in Tokyo. (Japan; B1 THRESHOLD; 2004; Japanese; Pass)
ADJECTIVES
position
B1
FORM: WITH PRONOUN
Can use an adjective or adjective phrase after pronouns like ‘something’, ‘nothing’, ‘somewhere’, ‘nowhere’.
I like cooking and I want to cook something special. (Slovakia; B1 THRESHOLD; 2002; Slovak; Pass)

But something terrible happened next; I was so nervous that I stopped breathing! (Chile; B1 THRESHOLD; 2009; Spanish – Latin American; Pass)

There is nothing interesting on TV, nothing for teenagers. (other; B1 THRESHOLD; 2010; Others; Pass)
ADJECTIVES
combining
B1
FORM: COMPOUND ADJECTIVES
Can use a limited range of compound adjectives (‘good-looking’, ‘well-known’)
He was tall and good-looking. (B1 THRESHOLD; 2007; Polish; Pass)

This programme is presented by “Gato Feobranto,” a well-known comedy group. (Portugal; B1 THRESHOLD; 2007; Portuguese; Pass)
ADJECTIVES
modifying
B1
FORM: WITH ‘ENOUGH’
Can use ‘enough’ to modify adjectives.
My room is big enough, there is a lot of space, and for this reason I will buy a stereo. (Greece; B1 THRESHOLD; 2001; Greek; Pass)

I thought they had the same problem as me: we don’t think our English is good enough. (China; B1 THRESHOLD; 2002; Chinese; Pass)
ADJECTIVES
combining
B1
FORM: COMBINING COMPARATIVE ADJECTIVES WITH ‘AND’
Can use ‘and’ to join a limited range of comparative adjectives.► adjectives: comparatives
In the winter you can go to the fitness centre, there you can get stronger and fitter. (Switzerland; B1 THRESHOLD; 2009; Swiss German; Pass)

The cars will fly around the buildings like planes, and they will be faster and cheaper. (Brazil; B1 THRESHOLD; 2007; Portuguese; Pass)
ADJECTIVES
comparatives
B1
FORM/USE: WITH ‘AND’
Can use ‘and’ to repeat a comparative adjective to indicate change over time, usually after ‘become’ or ‘get’. ► adjectives: comparatives
I saw everything become smaller and smaller. (China; B1 THRESHOLD; 2003; Chinese; Pass)

I think that’s a good question, because nowadays television is getting worse and worse, but there are still some good programmes. (Spain; B1 THRESHOLD; 2007; Spanish – European; Pass)

Summer is coming. Days become longer and longer. (China; B1 THRESHOLD; 2007; Chinese; Pass)
ADJECTIVES
position
B2
FORM: ATTRIBUTIVE ONLY, TIME ADJECTIVES
Can use the adjectives ‘present’, ‘future’, ‘former’ before a noun.
I think we all are very concerned about the present situation. (Germany; B2 VANTAGE; 1993; Dutch; Pass)

We would like to hear you talk about your novels, your work in general and about your future plans. (Greece; B2 VANTAGE; 1993; Greek; Pass)

In the big hall, in former times, lots of parties took place. (Germany; B2 VANTAGE; 1998; German; Pass)
ADJECTIVES
superlatives
B2
FORM: WITH NOUN AND ‘TO-‘ INFINITIVE
Can use superlative adjectives before a noun + ‘to’-infinitive. ► clauses: comparative
To be honest, I think that, to be in competition with other markets, we need to be updated and the easiest way to do it is to use computers. (Italy; B2 VANTAGE; 1999; Italian; Pass)

For those people who don’t work and can’t afford a car, a bicycle is perhaps the cheapest way to travel in the city. (Spain; B2 VANTAGE; 1993; Catalan; Pass)
ADJECTIVES
modifying
B2
FORM: WITH ‘ENOUGH’ + ‘TO’-INFINITIVE
Can use ‘enough’ after adjectives followed by ‘to’-infinitive
[talking about an arts festival] I was lucky enough to take part in it last November, and I enjoyed it immensely. (Mexico; B2 VANTAGE; 2000; Spanish – Latin American; Pass)

In my opinion young people at that age are not mature enough to decide by themselves what they want for their future. (B2 VANTAGE; 2009; German; Pass)
ADJECTIVES
comparatives
B2
FORM/USE: WITH ‘A LOT’
Can use ‘a lot’ to modify and intensify comparative adjectives used predicatively after a verb, usually ‘be’.
In addition, remember that a bike, even a good one, is a lot cheaper than a car. (France; B2 VANTAGE; 1993; French; Pass)

Don’t you think it would be a lot easier for you to finish college first? (B2 VANTAGE; 2011; Polish; Pass)
ADJECTIVES
position
B2
FORM/USE: DEGREE ADJECTIVES BEFORE NOUNS
Can use a limited range of degree adjectives (‘real’, ‘absolute’, ‘complete’) before a noun to express intensity.
When tourists arrive, there is no area to park. This is a real problem and our town is becoming very dangerous for children; every week there is an accident. (France; B2 VANTAGE; 1993; French; Pass)

Making friends is easy but to get a real, true friend is hard. (Malaysia; B2 VANTAGE; 2008; Tamil; Pass)

Suddenly the lights went out and I found myself standing in complete darkness. (Sweden; B2 VANTAGE; 1993; Swedish; Pass)

After the teacher had told us to start, there was absolute silence. (Switzerland; B2 VANTAGE; 1993; German; Pass)
ADJECTIVES
comparatives
B2
FORM/USE: WITH ‘SLIGHTLY’
Can use ‘slightly’ to modify comparative adjectives to a small degree.
I bought a new one, since the price of a second-hand one was slightly cheaper. (Brazil; B2 VANTAGE; 1997; Portuguese; Pass)

They have their own characteristics, but the food of restaurant A is slightly better than that of B. (Korea, South; B2 VANTAGE; 1997; Korean; Pass)
ADJECTIVES
superlatives
B2
FORM: ELLIPSIS, WITH ‘THE’
Can use ‘(one of) the’ with an increasing range of superlative adjectives without a following noun, when the noun is understood.
There have been so many embarrassing moments in my life. It’s very difficult to pick the most embarrassing. (Sweden; B2 VANTAGE; 1993; Swedish; Pass)

I’m not quite sure if I agree that the car is the greatest danger to human life today, but it sure is one of the greatest. (Portugal; B2 VANTAGE; 1993; Portuguese; Pass)

That period of my life was one of the worst . (Singapore; B2 VANTAGE; 2000; Chinese; Pass)
ADJECTIVES
combining
B2
FORM: PHRASES MODIFYING NOUNS
Can use adjective phrases to modify nouns.
Besides, we could leave one day in the morning and travel by boat to a small and exotic island full of different and exotic species of birds that we could observe and photograph. (Turkey; B2 VANTAGE; 1993; Portuguese; Pass)

Emily Brontë succeeded in writing a romantic, psychological and tragic story, beautifully set in these mysterious moors. (Netherlands; B2 VANTAGE; 2001; Dutch; Pass)
ADJECTIVES
combining
B2
FORM: COMPOUND ADJECTIVES
Can use an increasing range of compound adjectives (‘up-to-date’, ‘state-of-the-art’)
The selling point is that it contains the most up-to-date and state-of-the-art know-how, for instance a water-proof keyboard, information security system, etc. A survey of our customers last year indicated that over 70% of them are content with the user-friendly designs. (China; B2 VANTAGE; 2008; Chinese; Fail)

…getting to work (in big cities) by car is more healthy for drivers but has a long-term effect on the environment and on us, in the end, as well. (Poland; B2 VANTAGE; 1993; Polish; Pass)
ADJECTIVES
modifying
B2
FORM: WITH ‘RATHER A’
Can form adjective phrases with ‘rather a’ + adjective, often in formal contexts.
Films tend to be rather a simple art, while books are a thing to be enjoyed in a calmer way. (Poland; B2 VANTAGE; 2008; Polish; Pass)

I must confess that I’m rather a poor player. (Switzerland; B2 VANTAGE; 1993; German; Pass)

I live rather a long way from work, about 10 km. (Sweden; B2 VANTAGE; 1993; Swedish; Pass)
ADJECTIVES
comparatives
B2
FORM/USE: WITH ‘MUCH’ + NOUN
Can use ‘much’ to modify and intensify comparative adjectives used attributively before countable and uncountable nouns.
Although it is a second-hand computer which one of my colleagues sold me, it is a much better investment than the bicycle, I think. (Germany; B2 VANTAGE; 1997; German; Pass)

I think the Majestic Hotel is too expensive, so what about a much cheaper hotel like the Plaza Hotel? (Sweden; B2 VANTAGE; 2001; Swedish; Pass)

On the other hand, our grandparents had much fresher vegetables and meat they could trust, without BSE… (Brazil; B2 VANTAGE; 2001; Portuguese; Pass)
ADJECTIVES
superlatives
B2
FORM/USE: WITH ‘BY FAR’
Can use the premodifer ‘by far’ to make a superlative adjective stronger.
As you know, I’ve already visited almost fifty forests all over the world but I think this one is by far the most beautiful of all. (Brazil; B2 VANTAGE; 1993; Portuguese; Pass)

When I was a child, Christmas morning was by far the most exciting and happiest moment. (Japan; B2 VANTAGE; 1993; Japanese; Pass)
ADJECTIVES
position
C1
FORM: PAST PARTICPLE AS ADJECTIVE
Can use the ‘–ed’ form of a verb as an adjective, after a noun.
First of all, I would recommend providing a wider range of films and introducing discussions after each film shown. (Poland; C1 EFFECTIVE OPERATIONAL PROFICIENCY; 2006; Polish; Pass)

It is believed that if some improvements are made, the club will live up to the high standards required . (Greece; C1 EFFECTIVE OPERATIONAL PROFICIENCY; 2007; Greek; Pass)
ADJECTIVES
superlatives
C1
FORM/USE: WITH POSTMODFIER AND NOUN
Can use a postmodifier to make the superlative stronger, in the structure superlative + noun + postmodifier (‘possible’, ‘ever’, ‘by far’).
… we want to present ourselves in the best way possible. (Yugoslavia; C1 EFFECTIVE OPERATIONAL PROFICIENCY; 2008; Serbian; Pass)

…this cleansing gel will definitely produce good results in the shortest time possible. (Malaysia; C1 EFFECTIVE OPERATIONAL PROFICIENCY; 2000; Chinese; Pass)

Achieving health by using her common sense and having fun while doing it is probably her greatest performance ever and, if elected, she could share that with the world. (Sweden; C1 EFFECTIVE OPERATIONAL PROFICIENCY; 2005; Swedish; Pass)
ADJECTIVES
modifying
C1
FORM: WITH EXTREME ADVERBS
Can modify gradable adjectives with extreme adverbs of degree (‘absolutely’, ‘extremely’, ‘incredibly’, ‘totally’) to intensify their meaning.
I am absolutely sure that it will attract even more attention. (Poland; C1 EFFECTIVE OPERATIONAL PROFICIENCY; 2004; Polish; Pass)

Nowadays, it is extremely difficult to imagine how workers lived ten years ago, especially because of the incredibly fast evolution in technology. (Switzerland; C1 EFFECTIVE OPERATIONAL PROFICIENCY; 1998; Italian; Pass)

I would make a totally new programme, in which the following points must be improved: … (Mexico; C1 EFFECTIVE OPERATIONAL PROFICIENCY; 1993; Spanish – Latin American; Pass)
ADJECTIVES
superlatives
C1
FORM/USE: WITH NOUN AND POSTMODFIER
Can use a postmodifier to make the superlative stronger in the structure superlative + postmodifier + noun.
What is more, in order to increase sales of the new model to the highest possible level, the possibility of entering the Asian markets should be considered. (Poland; C1 EFFECTIVE OPERATIONAL PROFICIENCY; 2005; Polish; Fail)

I am fond of the idea of working in Central London. It absolutely is the best possible location , I cannot deny that. (Serbian, C1 EFFECTIVE OPERATIONAL PROFICIENCY, Pass, 2008)

It is not the shortest possible route, but the easiest for people with luggage. (Poland; C1 EFFECTIVE OPERATIONAL PROFICIENCY; 1993; Polish; Fail)
ADJECTIVES
combining
C1
FORM: COMPOUND ADJECTIVES
Can use a wide range of compound adjectives (‘open-minded’, ‘above-mentioned’, ‘well-to-do’, ‘jaw-dropping’)
I would describe myself as an easy-going and open-minded person. (Poland; C1 EFFECTIVE OPERATIONAL PROFICIENCY; 1999; Polish; Pass)

…we suggest investing a certain amount of money in the above-mentioned technical devices in order to achieve the financial target. (Switzerland; C1 EFFECTIVE OPERATIONAL PROFICIENCY; 2000; German; Pass)

But as she does not live in a well-to-do family, Ola was never able to afford additional private lessons, for example. (Poland; C1 EFFECTIVE OPERATIONAL PROFICIENCY; 1993; Polish; Fail)

If anyone has ever seen it, they would agree with me that it was THE most jaw-dropping road in the world. (Netherlands; C1 EFFECTIVE OPERATIONAL PROFICIENCY; 2003; Dutch; Pass)
ADJECTIVES
superlatives
C2
FORM/USE: ‘SLIGHTEST’, ‘FAINTEST’
Can use ‘the slightest’, ‘the faintest’ with a specific range of nouns to express the least amount possible, most frequently following a negative verb form.
I should not end my relationship with Alex by phone, without giving him the slightest explanation. (Greece; C2 MASTERY; 1993; Greek; Pass)

They act as consumers, nothing more, and never show the slightest interest in learning and sharing opinions with the locals. (France; C2 MASTERY; 1993; French; Pass)

I haven’t the faintest idea. (Netherlands; C2 MASTERY; 2000; Dutch; Pass)
ADJECTIVES
comparatives
C2
FORM/USE: WITH ‘NOT THAT MUCH’
Can use ‘not that much’ to modify comparative adjectives to a small degree. ► comparative clauses
Although she is not that much older than I am, one could think there were quite a few years between us. (Netherlands; C2 MASTERY; 1993; Dutch; Pass)
ADJECTIVES
combining
C2
FORM: COMBINING MULTIPLE ADJECTIVES
Can combine more complex, lengthy strings of adjectives, joining the last two adjectives with ‘and’.
A timid, shy, self-conscious, over-sensitive and vulnerable person can yearn to make friends with someone who is very self-assured, confident, decisive, even bossy. (Poland; C2 MASTERY; 1999; Polish; Pass)

In the increasingly materialistic, greedy and shallow society we live in today, it would almost seem that there are no disadvantages to being rich. (Portugal; C2 MASTERY; 1999; Portuguese; Pass)
ADJECTIVES
position
C2
FORM/USE: DEGREE ADJECTIVES BEFORE NOUNS
Can use an increasing range of adjectives before a noun to express intensity.
As a conclusion, I shall say that the major problem concerns the exam. (France; C1 EFFECTIVE OPERATIONAL PROFICIENCY; 1993; French; Pass)

It is located in the very centre of Pisa, in a magnificent ancient building. (Italy; C2 MASTERY; 1993; Italian; Pass)
ADJECTIVES
comparatives
C2
FORM/USE: WITH ‘NO’ OR ‘NOT ANY’
Can use ‘no’ / ‘not any’ with comparative adjectives to limit the scale of comparison. ► comparative clauses
That is why we are not any happier than you were. (Greece; C2 MASTERY; 2005; Greek; Pass)

I will probably find the water to be no higher than my thighs. (Netherlands; C2 MASTERY; 1998; Dutch; Pass)
ADJECTIVES
modifying
C2
FORM: COMPARISON
Can use adjectives in ‘as … as’ and ‘so … that’ in comparative structures. ► comparative clauses
Because our debates do not draw as large a number of students as the guest appearances, but are still enjoyed by a relevant number of students, we propose a change of focus for the events. (Sweden; C2 MASTERY; 2006; Swedish; Pass)

It was such a riddle that I went and saw my psycho-analyst, who revealed to me that I once had so strong a shock that I was now walking and hiding my money in my sleep. (France; C2 MASTERY; 1998; French; Pass)
ADJECTIVES
combining
C2
USE: FOCUS
Can use a list of adjectives in ellipted clauses before and after a noun, to give focus. ► focus
Imaginative, good-humoured, friendly, he was respected and liked by his peer-students. (Poland; C2 MASTERY; 1993; Polish; Pass)

The latter – fat, ugly and sick – blows his top when Ralph tells the others about the fat boy’s nice name, as he wanted to keep it secret. (Greece; C2 MASTERY; 1993; Greek; Pass)